NASA Announcement and Mysterious Disappearance.

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NASA announcement: Possible evidence that Saturn’s moon, Enceladus, could host alien life.

Some exciting news was announced by NASA last week, one of Saturn’s moons, known as Enceladus, could support life due to a newly discovered presence of hydrogen. This suggests that Enceladus, a small icy moon located a billion miles farther from the sun than Earth, has almost all of the ingredients required for habitability. So Extra-terrestrial life may be closer to us than originally thought!

The findings are the result of 12 years of investigation by the Cassini probe. Using a mass spectrometer, the Cassini was able to detect an abundance of hydrogen molecules in water plumes rising from fractures in Enceladus’ icy surface. Saturn’s sixth-largest moon is an ice-encased world with an ocean beneath. The researchers believe that the hydrogen originated from a hydrothermal reaction between the moon’s ocean and its rocky core.

Life, as we know it, requires three main ingredients to originate, exist, evolve or function- liquid water, an energy source for metabolism and the right chemical ingredients including oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur.

Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate at Headquarters in Washington, stated: “This is the closest we’ve come, so far, to identifying a place with some of the ingredients needed for a habitable environment. We have not found evidence of the presence of microbial life in the ocean of Enceladus, but the discovery of hydrogen gas and the evidence for ongoing hydrothermal activity offer a tantalizing suggestion that habitable conditions could exist beneath the moon’s icy crust”.

So maybe this isn’t the Alien life that we have all been hoping for, but it’s a start. Knowing that there is life out there, even bacteria, is a step in the right direction.

 

Missing student feared to have been abducted by aliens.

Bruno Borges, aged 24, reportedly went missing from his family home on March 27th. The psychology student’s disappearance has sparked international interest after a bizarre video of his bedroom was leaked online. The footage shows that he had transformed his room into a kind of shrine, covering his walls with a coded writing and installing a huge statue of philosopher Giordano Bruno. Giordano Bruno was one of the first thinkers to predict the existence of extraterrestrial life, some theorise that Bruno Borges was trying to complete his work.

Among the items in his room were 14 bound manuscripts, written in the same code that was found on the walls. He had told his mother, Denise Borges, that writing these 14 books would “change mankind in a good way”.

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Bruno was last seen by his family when they had a meal in their town of Rio Branco, in the state of Acre, before his parents went away travelling. When his parents returned almost a month later, they opened up his room to find he had removed all his furniture and covered the walls with the writing, symbols and pictures. According to Bruno’s older sister Gabriela, Bruno had kept his room locked for 24 days while his parents were out of town.

A self portrait of Borges was also discovered hanging in the room, it depicts him with an alien, that appears to be welcoming, or even comforting, Borges. This portrait, along with other strange findings, has led many to believe that he has been either been abducted by aliens or accepted by them.

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This is indeed a very strange case, with many theories being speculated. Has Bruno Borges been abducted by aliens? Has he discovered something not yet fathomed? Or has he just ran away? One thing is for sure, I hope that he returns, or is returned, safely to his family.

 

As always, thank you for reading. These were just a few interesting things that I came across recently, that I thought I’d share with you all. There will be a full article posted later this week on the mysterious and terrifying subject of Alien abductions. Have a great day 😊

 

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7 new planets discovered and what happened to Asteroid 2016 WF9?

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Seven new exo-planets discovered.

There was some exciting news last week in the form of NASA’s announcement of 7 new earth sized exo-planets being discovered. The discovery has sparked much media attention and many speculations of what it could mean for the future search of potential habitable planets. NASA announced that this is the first known system of seven Earth-size planets around a single star.

These exoplanets orbit an ultracool dwarf star, known as TRAPPIST-1, in the constellation Aquarius. It is located about 40 light years away from Earth, close by astronomical standards, but about 44 million years away at the average cruising speed of a commercial passenger jet.

It has been speculated that all seven planets could have liquid water under the right atmospheric conditions. However, three of these planets are firmly located in the habitable zone, the area around the parent star where a rocky planet is most likely to have liquid water. Water is commonly thought to be one of the key prerequisites for extraterrestrial life. Scientists hope to scan the planets’ atmospheres for possible chemical fingerprints of life, in the near future.

For those of you familiar with the Drake equation, or have read my “The odds of alien life existing” (Found here https://azeriusblog.wordpress.com/2017/01/11/the-odds-of-alien-life-existing/ ), would know that this discovery effects the equation a great deal. Not only is this 7 more potential habitable planets to add to the equation, but that amount to orbit the same star is previously unheard of. This suggests that many more systems like this could exist, increasing the amount of potential habitable planets, and in turn increasing the number of potential intelligent civilisations within the universe exponentially.

 

What happened to Asteroid 2016 WF9?

Those of you that were aware of Asteroid 2016 WF9, or read my post “Asteroid incoming. Is the end nigh?” (found here https://azeriusblog.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/asteroid-incoming-is-the-end-nigh/ ), are probably wondering what happened to it? For a quick recap, the asteroid was either supposed to pass the earth or strike it, causing our destruction, on the 25th of February. Despite all of the media attention, weeks before the incoming asteroid, nothing has been officially announced as to what happened with the asteroid.

I think it is safe to assume that the asteroid has safely passed us at the predicted distance from earth. I think that this further proves that the mainstream media will choose to dramitise and misinform with the only goal to gain an audience. I also think that it is safe to assume that we can all take any doomsday theories with a pinch of salt.

 

Thank you for reading, this was just a quick update on some exciting news going on. You can expect some full articles, on some interesting subjects, coming from me very soon. Have a great day everyone.

 

Asteroid incoming. Is the end nigh?

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In answer to the title of this post, probably not. As a child, it was always a fear of mine that I would suddenly awake to a giant space rock hurtling towards the earth, a terrifying ball of fire intent on wiping out all existence on earth. I probably watched Armageddon far too many times though, and had very little faith in Bruce Willis’ ability to save humanity. It is very normal to fear something that we do not fully understand, and the media has a way to heighten this fear through misinformation and dramatisation. Should we have this fear though? Let’s look more into this.

Early this month, Asteroid 2017 BS32 hurtled past our tiny planet missing it by an estimated 161,280km. Now on a galactic and universal scale, that is pretty close, but when you consider that every planet in our solar system could fit between earth and the moon, not so much. But could it have destroyed the earth? The asteroid was of similar size to that of one that entered earths atmosphere in Russia, 2013, from this we can assume that the effects would have been comparable. The meteorite, due to its size and shallow angle of atmospheric entry, exploded in the air, injuring over 1000 people seriously enough to seek medical attention. The injuries were mainly due to broken glass from windows, that shattered due to the immense shock wave. From this we can conclude that, although the event was unfortunate for many, the earth is still here.

The near-miss of Asteroid 2017 BS32 follows news that another galactic stone, dubbed 2016 WF9, is on course to pass the Earth on February the 25th. Although NASA has stated that the space rock will fly by at a distance of 32 million miles from the planet, one alternate theory seems to be standing out. This theory, articulated by Dr Zakharovich, is that ‘NASA are lying through their teeth’. He believes that the asteroid is in fact a fragment of the fabled planet Nibiru, so is much larger than predicted, and heading straight for us! This of course, is highly unlikely, as Nibiru is likely a fictional planet formulated by doomsday theorists.

Indeed, the threat of a giant rock causing considerable damage to our planet remains a distinct possibility. Experts at NASA have reportedly attended an “emergency” summit to explore the risk posed by asteroids. They have warned it’s “not a matter of if, but when” we will be forced to deal with an asteroid slamming into the Earth’s surface.

But what exactly is an asteroid?

An asteroid is a small rocky mass which orbits the sun, but is too small to be classed as a planet. Most of them are found in the Asteroid Belt, a ring which lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. It’s thought that asteroids are debris left over at the formation of the universe about 4.6 billion year ago. Some can be very large, but others can be tiny, even as small as a grain of sand. Because of their smaller size, asteroids lack the gravitational pull to pull themselves into a sphere, meaning they usually have a rocky, irregular appearance.

So, should we be worried about asteroids?

History reassures us that the most dangerous asteroids are very rare. About once a year, an asteroid the size of a car hits the atmosphere, burning up before it reaches the surface. Larger asteroids, that are believed to strike Earth every 1,000 to 10,000 years, could destroy a city or cause devastating tsunamis. Asteroids large enough to wipe out life, which would need to be over a quarter of a mile wide, only strike once every 1,000 centuries. So, the probability of a life altering asteroid crashing into the Earth during our lifetime is really quite small.

What would happen if one struck the Earth?

When an asteroid crashes into the Earth, it’s known as a meteorite, and can potentially cause catastrophic damage, depending on the size. For example, it is theorised that it was in fact an asteroid which wiped out the dinosaurs, as the immense force of the impact threw up a dust cloud which blocked out sunlight, destroying life. To this day its crater, known as Chicxulub, still exists in Mexico. At the time, experts say that it released the same amount of energy as an atomic weapon. So, an asteroid’s effects on Earth ultimately depends on the individual asteroid, but it is clear the if one large enough did strike the Earth, the consequences could be catastrophic.

 

In conclusion to this, I believe that we are safe from any immediate dangers posed by an asteroid strike. We can refer to history and probability to reassure us that it is highly unlikely that an asteroid of earth threatening size will hit our precious little planet. The media often choose to write or talk about worst case scenarios in order to draw attention to their articles and stories, nothing more. With the ever increasing level of technology aiding in the surveillance of this field and the number of brilliant minds keeping watch, I believe that we are safe. With a little self-education, and faith in those watching the skies, we can reassure ourselves and one another.

 

 

The odds of Alien life existing

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Ever since we began exploring the stars, humanity has pondered on whether we are alone in this universe. The universe is potentially infinite, ever expanding, we know this due to having witnessed galaxies moving away from us and each other. It is due to this vastness of the universe that we can speculate that there must be intelligent life, other than ours, in either this galaxy or another. If the universe contains billions of galaxies, and if each galaxy contains billions of stars, and if a fraction of those stars have earth-like planets, then the chances of alien life existing must be pretty high, right? In 1995, astronomers located the first planets outside our solar system. Since then, they’ve detected nearly 300 more. Most of these planets are large hot planets, much like Jupiter, but some are small earth-like planets. Could these planets already have intelligent civilisations?

If only there was a mathematical equation to determine this for us. In fact, there is. In 1961, astronomer Frank Drake presented a formula, now known as the Drake Equation, that estimates the number of intelligent civilisations in our galaxy. The formula generated much controversy, due to it generating widely variable results, but still remains as our best way to quantify just how many extraterrestrials there could be. The formula goes like this:

N = RfpneflfifcL

In this equation, N is the number of detectable civilizations in our galaxy. The other variables are described below:

  • R is the rate of star formation in the galaxy
  • fp is the fraction of stars that form planets
  • ne is the number of planets hospitable to life (i.e., Earth-like planets)
  • fl is the fraction of these planets on which life actually emerges
  • fi is the fraction of these planets on which intelligent life arises
  • fc is the fraction of these planets with intelligent beings capable of interstellar communication
  • L is the length of time such a civilization remains detectable

As you can see from the equation, there are many variables that we can only speculate on, however, this has been done. Drakes original calculation predicted that there are 10,000 undiscovered intelligent civilizations in the Milky way alone.

Harvard physicist Paul Horowitz stated in a 1996 interview “Intelligent life in the universe? Guaranteed. Intelligent life in our galaxy? So overwhelmingly likely that I’d give you almost any odds you’d like.” However, this was swiftly countered by the Fermi Paradox. This paradox, first articulated by nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi in 1950, asks the following questions: If extraterrestrials are so common, why haven’t they visited? Why haven’t they communicated with us? Or, finally, why haven’t they left behind some residue of their existence, such as heat or light?

I must agree with the questions raised by the Fermi paradox, however, maybe we can speculate the whys of this argument. It is only being assumed that they have not visited, maybe they are here already. We have all heard of the popular theories of reptilian aliens being in major places of power and the alien structures under the sea. Unfortunately, there is no hard evidence on this, but anything is possible and the speculation must come from somewhere. Maybe they are watching us right now, deciding when the time is right to make contact. Crop circles, UFO sighting and abductions all point to this. There have been literally thousands of such cases, can so many people be wrong? Maybe, they are out there, but they haven’t reached us yet. The problem is distance, even if we manage harness travelling at the speed of light, our galaxy itself would still take 25,000 years to span. That’s 1/8 of our entire existence on this earth! However, it is impossible to know the full potential of technology. Our own technology is forever advancing, and what we can do now, when compared with 6,000 years ago, is astounding. A species that has survived much longer than ours could have unlimited technological potential, maybe even more so than our minds can fathom.

In conclusion to this, the chances of alien life existing is exceptionally high. We may not see any hard evidence of this for many years to come, or we might be shaking hands with extraterrestrials tomorrow. We can only speculate and calculate using what we are still discovering about the universe and our own existence. What extraterrestrials will do when they discover us or how they will act when they decide to unveil themselves, is a different matter altogether, and a topic for another post. I personally believe that, with the facts that I have uncovered, we are not alone in this universe, and I hope that we will discover evidence of that within my lifetime. Keep watching the stars, and know that someone, somewhere, might be watching back.